About the journal. Its territory includes Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and Namibia, as well as South Africa, the biggest market of the five. Its very first original publication, The Life of Sir William Osler, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1926. He funded schooling at the Press and the endowment of St. Barnabas Church in Oxford. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. [51] The Press was now owned wholly by the university, with its own paper mill, print shop, bindery, and warehouse. Whatever their reasons for their style of working, both Cannan and Milford had a very hardnosed view of what needed to be done, and they proceeded to do it. Price, trying in his own way to modernize the Press against the resistance of its own historical inertia, had become overworked and by 1883 was so exhausted as to want to retire. Under this, the Stationers paid an annual rent for the university not to exercise its full printing rights – money Oxford used to purchase new printing equipment for smaller purposes. [82], Thus it was not until 1939 that the Music Department showed its first profitable year. It was there to serve the vast educational market created by the rapidly expanding school and college network in British India. The first effects of the war were paper shortages and losses and disturbances in shipping, then quickly a dire lack of hands as the staff were called up and went to serve on the field. The series plan was expanded by adding the similarly inexpensive but high-quality "Oxford Church Music" and "Tudor Church Music" (taken over from the Carnegie UK Trust); all these series continue today. He also induced two Dutch typefounders, Harman Harmanz and Peter de Walpergen, to work in Oxford for the Press. [41] Appointed in 1868, Price had already recommended to the university that the Press needed an efficient executive officer to exercise "vigilant superintendence" of the business, including its dealings with Alexander Macmillan, who became the publisher for Oxford's printing in 1863 and in 1866 helped Price to create the Clarendon Press series of cheap, elementary school books – perhaps the first time that Oxford used the Clarendon imprint. In 1911, E. V. Rieu went out to East Asia via the Trans-Siberian Railway, had several adventures in China and Russia, then came south to India and spent most of the year meeting educationists and officials all over India. The Press, led by the Board of Delegates and their Secretary, balanced a commitment to publishing outstanding scholarship with a developing interest in commercial realities by pursuing broader educational goals through the publication of school books in England and over ... More. By contracting out its printing and binding operations, the modern OUP publishes some 6,000 new titles around the world each year. Although there had been plenty of criticism of them, the general feeling was that Max Müller had done India a favour by popularising ancient Asian (Persian, Arabic, Indian and Sinic) philosophy in the West. This is the third volume charting the history of Oxford University Press. ... Senior Editor (History) Hannah Paul Associate Editor (Economics & Political Science) ... 6 Oxford Street, Woodstock Oxfordshire, OX20 1TR United Kingdom Phone: +44 1993 814500 Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. This series, under the general editorship of W. G. Whittaker, was OUP's first commitment to the publishing of music for performance, rather than in book form or for study. Susan Ferber is an executive editor for American and world history at Oxford University Press in New York, where she has worked since 1997. In the 1990s, this office moved from 200 Madison Avenue (a building it shared with Putnam Publishing) to 198 Madison Avenue, the former B. Altman and Company Building.[68]. [64] By then, OUP had moved from being a parochial printer into a wide-ranging, university-owned publishing house with a growing international presence. Then, other than general support, Milford left Foss largely to his own devices.[77]. A.H. Cobb replaced him in 1909, and in 1910 Cobb functioned as a travelling manager semi-permanently stationed in India. Hence his interest in overseas sales, for by the 1880s and 1890s there was money to be made in India, while the European book market was in the doldrums. The American National Biography (ANB) is a 24-volume biographical encyclopedia set that contains about 17,400 entries and 20 million words, first published in 1999 by Oxford University Press under the auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies.A 400-entry supplement appeared in 2002. Secretary to the Delegates, Foss, suffering personal health problems, chafing under economic constraints plus (as the war years drew on) shortages in paper, and disliking intensely the move of all the London operations to Oxford to avoid The Blitz, resigned his position in 1941, to be succeeded by Peterkin.[84]. To cure this disgraceful state of affairs, Blackstone called for sweeping reforms that would firmly set out the Delegates' powers and obligations, officially record their deliberations and accounting, and put the print shop on an efficient footing. Miss M. Verne McNeely wrote a letter of protest to the League of Nations and one of despair to Milford, who tried to comfort her. Keywords: Edmund Blunden had been briefly at the University of Tokyo and put the Press in touch with the university booksellers, Fukumoto Stroin. This is the third volume charting the history of Oxford University Press. Oxford University Press has had a similar governance structure since the 17th century. [14], Laud's plans, however, hit terrible obstacles, both personal and political. [58] By themselves, specialist academic works and the undependable Bible trade could not meet the rising costs of the Dictionary and Press contributions to the University Chest. Prior publication in any one territory forfeited copyright protection in the other.[72]. The Delegates began to work around him, and the university finally dismissed Gell in 1897. [27] In retrospect, these proved relatively minor triumphs. Steer's trip was a disaster, and Milford remarked gloomily that it 'bid fair to be the most costly and least productive on record' of all traveller's trips. Roger Louis, editor [54] Both figures were wildly optimistic. Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press, Oxford—today published under the short title New Hart's Rules—is an authoritative reference book and style guide published in England by Oxford University Press (OUP). In 1909, A. H. Cobb visited teachers and booksellers in Shanghai, and found that the main competition there was cheap books from America, often straight reprints of British books. [69][full citation needed] This prior reputation was useful, but the Indian Branch was not primarily in Bombay to sell Indological books, which OUP knew already sold well only in America. Few orders did in fact come out of the trip, and when Steer's box of samples returned, the London office found that they had not been opened further down than the second layer. Her association with OUP seems to date from 1910, although she did not have exclusive agency for OUP's books. [36] Even so, Combe earned a fortune through his shares in the business and the acquisition and renovation of the bankrupt paper mill at Wolvercote. PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). [32] This site remains the main office of OUP in the 21st century, at the corner of Walton Street and Great Clarendon Street, northwest of Oxford city centre. He worked to establish "the largest possible list in the shortest possible time",[78] adding titles at the rate of over 200 a year; eight years later there were 1750 titles in the catalogue. Hodder & Stoughton opted out of this venture, but OUP went ahead and contributed to it. Philip Lyttelton Gell was appointed by the Vice-Chancellor Benjamin Jowett in 1884. [35], At this time, Thomas Combe joined the Press and became the university's Printer until his death in 1872. In 1914, Europe was plunged into turmoil. He is General Editor of the new multi-volume History of Oxford University Press. The business was rescued by the intervention of a single Delegate, William Blackstone. This was to be a complete retranslation of the text of the Bible from the oldest original Greek and Hebrew versions, superseding the Authorized Version of 1611. Records of surviving work are few, and Oxford did not put its printing on a firm footing until the 1580s; this succeeded the efforts of Cambridge University, which had obtained a licence for its press in 1534. As a result, his will left the partners' stock and lease in trust to Oxford University, and charged them with keeping together "my founding Materialls of the Press. In fact, most of the money came from Oxford's new Bible printer John Baskett—and the Vice-Chancellor William Delaune defaulted with much of the proceeds from Clarendon's work. The period it covers is the twentieth century. [15], It was finally established by the vice-chancellor, John Fell, Dean of Christ Church, Bishop of Oxford, and Secretary to the Delegates. ... Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford… Despite violent opposition from some printers in the Sheldonian, this ended the friction between Oxford and the Stationers, and marked the effective start of a stable university printing business. In 1830, it was still a joint-stock printing business in an academic backwater, offering learned works to a relatively small readership of scholars and clerics. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. [citation needed] Though Frowde was by no means an Oxford man and had no social pretensions of being one, he was a sound businessman who was able to strike the magic balance between caution and enterprise. In December 1909 Cobb returned and rendered his accounts for his Asia trip that year. [16] A type foundry was added when Fell acquired a large stock of typographical punches and matrices from the Dutch Republic—the so-called "Fell Types". A full variant Greek text of Scripture proved impossible, but in 1675 Oxford printed a quarto King James edition, carrying Fell's own textual changes and spellings. There he rented an office in the dockside area and set up the first overseas Branch. Prior to the twentieth century, the Press at Oxford had occasionally printed a piece of music or a book relating to musicology. Lengthy negotiations led to a formal contract. Cobb obtained the services of a man called Steer (first name unknown) to travel through Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Chile and possibly other countries as well, with Cobb to be responsible for Steer. University of Oxford, He returned to Britain just in time, for on 18 October 1931, the Japanese invaded Manchuria. This was named in honour of Oxford University's Chancellor, Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon. The same year saw him enter into a so-called "joint venture" with Hodder & Stoughton to help with the publication of children's literature and medical books. [citation needed]. He served as the 2018 President of the Social Science History Association and past Chair of both the Economic Sociology and the Consumers and Consumption Sections of the American Sociological Association. [89] The OUP is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association. date: 10 January 2021. However, he came under increasing pressure from the Delegates in Oxford concerning the continued flow of expenditures from what seemed to them an unprofitable venture. The label "Clarendon Press" took on a new meaning when OUP began publishing books through its London office in the early 20th century. [80], Whatever the Music Department's growth in quantity, breadth of musical offering, and reputation amongst both musicians and the general public, the whole question of financial return came to a head in the 1930s. management style, While actual purchase of this series was beyond the means of most Indians, libraries usually had a set, generously provided by the government of India, available on open reference shelves, and the books had been widely discussed in the Indian press. The London office "existed to make money for the Clarendon Press to spend on the promotion of learning. Offered to Oxford by James Murray and the Philological Society, the "New English Dictionary" was a grand academic and patriotic undertaking. Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o in his book Moving the Centre: The Struggle for Cultural Freedom records how the Oxford Readers for Africa with their heavily Anglo-centric worldview struck him as a child in Kenya. In 1920, Noel Carrington went to Calcutta to set up a proper branch. Dating from 1675, this document envisaged hundreds of works, including the Bible in Greek, editions of the Coptic Gospels and works of the Church Fathers, texts in Arabic and Syriac, comprehensive editions of classical philosophy, poetry, and mathematics, a wide range of medieval scholarship, and also "a history of insects, more perfect than any yet Extant. Noel was the brother of Dora Carrington, the artist, and even got her to illustrate his Stories Retold edition of Don Quixote for the Indian market. In their view the Press was, and always would be, an association of scholars. [citation needed] Japan was a much less well-known market to OUP, and a small volume of trade was carried out largely through intermediaries. This concluding volume in The Oxford History of Historical Writing covers a very small period in comparison with some of its companions: barely two‐thirds of a century. The Oxford University Press, established in 1478, is one of the largest and most prestigious university publishers in … OUP came to be known as "(The) Clarendon Press" when printing moved from the Sheldonian Theatre to the Clarendon Building in Broad Street in 1713. [29], By the late 18th century, the Press had become more focused. Welcome to our History publishing program. Besides plans for academic and religious works, in 1674 he began to print a broadsheet calendar, known as the Oxford Almanack. Such musical publishing enterprises, however, were rare: "In nineteenth-century Oxford the idea that music might in any sense be educational would not have been entertained",[74] and few of the Delegates or former Publishers were themselves musical or had extensive music backgrounds. Features: --Written by thirteen contributors, experts in their fields of history, publishing, and printing --Includes almost 200 illustrations --Contains maps showing the growth and extent of Press activity in Oxford at different points in the period covered by the volume --Draws extensively on material from the Oxford University Archives. The next Secretary struggled to address this problem. However, as Sutcliffe says, Foss, a modest composer and gifted pianist, "was not particularly interested in education; he was passionately interested in music. They also traded with Edward Evans, another Shanghai bookseller. To distinguish the two offices, London books were labelled "Oxford University Press" publications, while those from Oxford were labelled "Clarendon Press" books. By 1915 there were makeshift depots at Madras and Calcutta. Most of the time Frowde did whatever he could within the mandate given him by the Delegates. Gell immediately proposed a thorough modernising of the Press with a marked lack of tact, and earned himself enduring enemies. The Stationers' Company was deeply alarmed by the threat to its trade and lost little time in establishing a "Covenant of Forbearance" with Oxford. AJLH appointed Prof. Felice Batlan as Co-Editor. The result of this ambitious undertaking will be a completely revitalized Oxford English Dictionary. During this time, Oxford University Press surpassed all other university presses in its size, range of publications, and geographic reach, competing with the largest London and international publishing firms. Subsequently, these became standard in print shops worldwide. The university became involved in the print trade around 1480, and grew into a major printer of Bibles, prayer books, and scholarly works. At UC Press, we're excited to work with scholars and thinkers who deepen our knowledge of the world and who aim to make a difference on critical issues facing the country and the world. In addition, Foss worked to secure OUP's rights not only to music publication and live performance, but the "mechanical" rights to recording and broadcast. Cannan set out to obtain it. He timed Gell's appointment to coincide with both the Long Vacation (from June to September) and the death of Mark Pattison, so potential opposition was prevented from attending the crucial meetings. "[74] When shortly thereafter Foss brought to Milford a scheme for publishing a group of essays by well-known musicians on composers whose works were frequently played on the radio, Milford may have thought of it as less music-related than education-related. At OUP, there is a wide range of teaching and learning tools to accommodate courses in World History, American History, and Latin American History. Frowde's agency was set up just in time, for the Revised Version, published on 17 May 1881, sold a million copies before publication and at a breakneck rate thenceforth, though overproduction ultimately made a dent in the profits. His efforts were helped by the efficiency of the print shop. [75], Milford may not have fully understood what he was undertaking. Both prepared editions at the invitation of the Greek scholar Thomas Gaisford, who served as a Delegate for 50 years. This timely and authoritative Virtual Issue from the editor of Journal of Refugee Studies, Khalid Koser, gathers together a range of papers published in recent years on refugee health and welfare.Read an introduction to the collection and each selected paper from Dr. Koser, outlining their importance to this topic. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. Books that London issued on commission (paid for by their authors or by some learned body) were styled 'Henry Frowde', or 'Humphrey Milford' with no mention of OUP, as if the Publisher were issuing them himself, while books that the Publisher issued under the rubric of the university bore the imprint 'Oxford University Press'. In the 1920s, once the Indian Branch was up and running, it became the custom for staff members going out or returning to take a tour of East and South East Asia. Besides establishing the system of Delegates, he created the wide-ranging supervisory post of "Architypographus": an academic who would have responsibility for every function of the business, from print shop management to proofreading. Managing Editor at Oxford University Press… Some outstanding mathematical and Orientalist works emerged at this time—notably, texts edited by Edward Pococke, the Regius Professor of Hebrew—but no university press on Laud's model was possible before the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660. "[57], Cannan had little opportunity for public wit in his new role. He died in 1686. The Press was the product of "a society of shy hypochondriacs," as one historian put it. Not all of these were full-fledged branches: in Leipzig there was a depot run by H. Bohun Beet, and in Canada and Australia there were small, functional depots in the cities and an army of educational representatives penetrating the rural fastnesses to sell the Press's stock as well as books published by firms whose agencies were held by the Press, very often including fiction and light reading. Subsequently, it took over marketing of all books of its parent from Macmillan. The period it covers is the twentieth century. The Press worked here until 1830, with its operations split into the so-called Learned Side and Bible Side in different wings of the building.[26]. This is the third volume charting the history of Oxford University Press. Conventional accounts often conceive the genesis of capitalism in Europe within the conjunctures of agricultural, commercial, and industrial revolutions. They were products of a university press that had come to embody increasing muddle, decay, and corrupt practice, and relied increasingly on leasing of its Bible and prayer book work to survive. [note 1] The Press did not cease to search out and publish new musicians and their music, but the tenor of the business had changed. (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. Milford rapidly teamed up with J. E. Hodder Williams of Hodder and Stoughton, setting up what was known as the Joint Account for the issue of a wide range of books in education, science, medicine and also fiction. [62] In addition, he suggested the idea for the Clarendon Press Institute, a social club for staff in Walton Street. University of Texas at Austin. Parker also came to hold shares in the Press itself.[31]. Their father Charles Carrington had been a railway engineer in India in the nineteenth century. Today, OUP reserves "Clarendon Press" as an imprint for Oxford publications of particular academic importance.[85]. John L. Rury, editor John L. Rury is a professor of education and (by courtesy) history and African and African American studies at the University of Kansas. Its author base is overwhelmingly local, and in 2008 it entered into a partnership with the university to support scholarships for South Africans studying postgraduate degrees. The Delegates were not comfortable with Foss's viewpoint: "I still think this word 'loss' is a misnomer: is it not really capital invested?" [13], Laud also made progress with internal organization of the Press. [23], Yate and Jenkins predeceased Fell, leaving him with no obvious heir to oversee the print shop. Griffiths travelled for the Press to major Japanese schools and bookshops and took a 10 percent commission. Steer returned before he had covered more than half of his itinerary, and on returning failed to have his customs payments refunded, with the result that a hefty sum of £210 was lost to the Press. They were long-serving classicists, presiding over a learned business that printed 5 or 10 titles each year, such as Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon (1843), and they displayed little or no desire to expand its trade. If you are interested in submitting a proposal, please follow these guidelines: Potential authors should include a cover letter, a copy of their CV or résumé, a prospectus/proposal, and sample chapters from the work (if available). Its output had increased to include school books and modern scholarly texts such as James Clerk Maxwell's A Treatise on Electricity & Magnetism (1873), which proved fundamental to Einstein's thought. Indeed, Frowde knew within a few weeks of Milford's entering the London office in [1904] that he would be replaced. Her diverse list ranges from ancient history to contemporary history and includes both academic and trade titles. Gell was making a name for himself at the publishing firm of Cassell, Petter and Galpin, a firm regarded as scandalously commercial by the delegates. Board of Delegates, The Oxford University Press Museum is located on Great Clarendon Street, Oxford. As a proud graduate of the UC system, I am delighted to publish books that reflect the progressive values of the world's leading public research university. Chapter 1 Reassessing the History of Oxford University Press, 1896–1970, Chapter 2 Oxford University Press, 1896–1945, Chapter 3 Oxford University Press, 1945–1970, Chapter 6The Printer and the Printing House, Chapter 8 Printing Technology, Binding, Readers, and Social Life, Chapter 9 Architecture, Building Designs, and Jericho, Chapter 10 Scholarly and Reference Publishing, Chapter 11 Eleven Case Studies in the OUP Publication Process, Chapter 17 The Press and the British Book Trade, Chapter 20 Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, Chapter 25 The Waldock Inquiry, 1967–1970, Chapter 26 Scholarly Publishing in the 1960s, Appendix II Delegates of the Press, 1896–1970, Appendix III Secretaries to the Delegates, Printers to the University, and Publishers to the University of Oxford, 1896–1970, Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014, DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568406.001.0001. In 1905, when applying for a pension, he wrote to J. R. Magrath, the then Vice Chancellor, that during the seven years when he had served as manager of the Bible Warehouse the sales of the London Business had averaged about £20,000 and the profits £1,887 per year. Mark D. Hersey Stephen Brain. Since that time, OUP USA published fourteen more Pulitzer Prize–winning books. The Depression of 1929 dried profits from the Americas to a trickle, and India became 'the one bright spot' in an otherwise dismal picture. Susan was the top History Editor at Oxford University Press when I was completing my book, What Hath God Wrought, for the Oxford History of the United States. Editors. There is no clear record of the thought process whereby the Press would enter into the publishing of music for performance. To that end, he petitioned Charles I for rights that would enable Oxford to compete with the Stationers' Company and the King's Printer, and obtained a succession of royal grants to aid it. Rather than bringing relief from shortages, the 1920s saw skyrocketing prices of both materials and labour. Jens Gaab, editor Faculty of Psychology, University of Basel. [10], Oxford's chancellor, Archbishop William Laud, consolidated the legal status of the university's printing in the 1630s. international trade, [citation needed]. By this time, Oxford also had a London warehouse for Bible stock in Paternoster Row, and in 1880 its manager Henry Frowde (1841–1927) was given the formal title of Publisher to the University. With extraordinary energy and professionalism, he improved and enlarged Oxford's printing resources, and developed Hart's Rules as the first style guide for Oxford's proofreaders. Susan Ferber is executive editor for American and world history at Oxford University Press USA, where she has worked since 1997. The Maruzen company was by far the largest customer, and had a special arrangement regarding terms. Other printing during this period included Richard Allestree's contemplative texts, and Thomas Hanmer's six-volume edition of Shakespeare, (1743–44). By 1919, Rieu was very ill and had to be brought home. The Chinese-language teaching titles are published with the brand Keys Press (啟思出版社). His fears were borne out. In 1879, he also took on the publication that led that process to its conclusion: the huge project that became the Oxford English Dictionary (OED).[53]. During this time, Oxford University Press surpassed all other university presses in its size, range of publications, and geographic reach, competing with the largest London and international publishing firms. Since 2001, Oxford University Press has financially supported the Clarendon bursary, a University of Oxford graduate scholarship scheme. The period it covers is the twentieth century. [88] The "Oxford Open" model applies to the majority of their journals. He was more or less singlehandedly responsible for setting up the American Branch as well as depots in Edinburgh, Toronto, and Melbourne. [18], Fell's scheme was ambitious. Frowde steered Oxford rapidly into popular literature, acquiring the World's Classics series in 1906. The name continued to be used when OUP moved to its present site in Oxford in 1830. The official journal of American Society for Environmental History and Forest History Society. Milford, however, always treated Frowde with courtesy, and Frowde remained in an advisory capacity till 1913. By 1905, under his management as Publisher, the sales had risen to upwards of £200,000 per year and the profits in that 29 years of service averaged £8,242 per year. [43] The university bought back shares as their holders retired or died. [11] Laud also obtained the "privilege" from the Crown of printing the King James or Authorized Version of Scripture at Oxford. Other business was routed through H. L. Griffiths, a professional publishers' representative based in Sannomiya, Kobe. Robert Crowcroft is a lecturer in Contemporary History at the University of Edinburgh. These were brought together in Oxford's "Great Charter" in 1636, which gave the university the right to print "all manner of books". [17] Finally, defying the Stationers' demands, Fell personally leased the right to print from the university in 1672, in partnership with Thomas Yate, Principal of Brasenose, and Sir Leoline Jenkins, Principal of Jesus College. organizational structure, This is the first time material written by Murray and the early editors has been changed since they finished in 1928. This work only provoked further conflict with the Stationers' Company. Both these categories were mostly handled by London, while Oxford (in practice the Secretary) looked after the Clarendon Press books. This expansion pushed the Press out of the Clarendon building.
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